Drought and climatic related humanitarian episodes has been recurring feature in the Greater Horn and specifically in the Somali region. The situation was also made complex by accelerated environmental degradation which badly impacted on rural communities who predominantly depend on livestock production and to some extent on crop production for their subsistence.
In Somaliland, the three worst hit regions are Togdheer, Sanaag and Sool. This drought follows several years of below normal rains accompanied by environmental degradation that has been ongoing for several decades. The consequences are particularly severe for rural people who depend primarily on their livestock for and secondarily on crop production. In Somaliland alone, an estimated 300,000 households are now facing critical, if not emergency, levels of food insecurity. The severity of the drought has led to major cross-regional migration. For example, pastoralists in Sanaag and Sool, who had the means to move had transported their livestock to areas in Puntland, while tens of thousands fromTogdheer trekked to western Somaliland and across the border to Ethiopia. Those who did not have the means to move are left behind in the harsh environment with little chance of survival as their herds of livestock are decimated by lack of fodder and water. Thousands of them drifted to the towns to join the urban destitute. Many villages are home to an increasing number of elderly, sick, and other vulnerable individuals, many of them weakened by malnutrition. The standing problems in the areas include food insecurity, malnutrition at its climax, high death rates of animals.
The response of the Government of Somaliland, the Diaspora, the business sector and local communities been positive. Millions of dollars has been raised locally to support the drought-affected communities mainly in the form of water, food, shelter materials, and fodder for livestock. But the need is far too big than the resources available. Also a number of INGOs and relief from Arabian countries has been received, the later mainly allocated by the Government.
The project support affected people by the drought and provides water and food to the students’ families, the target villages are 10 villages which are Berato, Xaaji saalax, Cali Faarax, Warcibraan, Cadaw Yuurura, Ballihiile, Kaladhac, Shanshacade, Duruqsi, Cali Ciise which funded by KNH.
Project propose to respond the effect population of the drought targeted by the school villages specially the parents of the student studded by the schools to continue the learning
Food and water distribution
The total families received food are 600 The food contains rise, white flour, sugar, tealeaves, dates, oil, milk, borsch the beneficiaries contains 60 persons in each village who receives food and water each family receives rise 25kg, white flour 25kg, sugar 25kg, tealeaves 1kg, dates 4kg, oil 5litters, milk 2.5kg, borsch 1kg. also each family received eight barrels of water It is good and well nourished food and also they can survive one month.
This project wound not covers all the villages’ population but we reach 25% percent of the student learning the schools drought destroyed all livelihood sources such as livestock and livestock production, and other fatal things like water and food those problem cause absence of schools or student drop out of the schools and lastly schools become closed. So that this project respond that issue and distributed food and water to the parents of the student.